LFC Announce Shock Change To YNWA!

Liverpool Football Club are set to announce a shock move by committing to an overhaul of  “You’ll Never Walk Alone” for the impending 2017/18 season.  In light of the BBC’s recent decision to plonk up with a female time lord, LFC has taken steps for a radical change that will see Beyonce Knowles record a new and improved version of “You’ll Never Walk Alone” to be played before kick off at all home matches.  It is believed the BBC found Jodie Whittaker to be the best man, sorry, woman for the role as the new Doctor Who due to her ambitious auditions over consecutive weeks.


New Liverpool CEO, Peter Moore told a gathering of reporters at Melwood today that he is looking to follow in the footsteps of the BBC and steer the club in a new direction to appease the female fans who feel that club is still stuck in the past and clinging to long held traditions whilst bringing woman to the fore in an otherwise male dominated sport.


Moore confessed.

“You’ll Never Walk Alone has been a staple of the club for over 50 years and whilst we appreciate the impact that the Gerry & The Pacemakers version has had, Liverpool Football Club feels it is time to move on and we need to embrace the fantastic new R’n’B version Beyonce has given us to use before kick off at Anfield.”

He continued.

“I know this will upset many of our supporters but woman have an important part to play in football aside from their regular roles as WAGS.  It’s important we give equality to woman in football and Liverpool football club is making this happen.”

Supporters can expect Beyonce’s new version of “You’ll Never Walk Alone” to be played before kick off when the reds take on Crystal Place at Anfield on Saturday August 19.  As an added bonus, everyone attending the match will receive their very own Beyonce face mask to wear on the day inside the ground.  It is understood that Jay-Z will produce the new version giving the classic anthem a more “modern and appealing sound” to ensure supporters feel like they have moved out of the 1960’s and into the modern age.

Why German Death Camps Are A Must See!

Take your minds back to March 1933.  Still a tick over six years off the invasion of Poland and subsequent war, Germany began to lay the stepping stones to their final solution.  Dachau concentration camp was opened up on March 22 and housed around 200 prisoners who were sent off every morning for forced labor.  As the years rolled by the camp saw a heavy increase in prisoners that included gypsy’s, blacks, homosexuals and other misfits that began to also include Jews.  In 1942, Dachau became infamouse for the shooting of over 4,000 Soviet troops which was a clear two fingered salute to the Geneva Convention.


Whilst there were no mass killings of Jews, it was still a place that sent shivers through my spine in February 2010 as I walked the grounds and deserted buildings.  It was a typical cold German afternoon when I took the bust from Munich out to the camp.  As you approach the camp, it hits you that the area is surrounded by residential housing.  During the war, locals would hang their washing out whilst prisoners were merely meters away in full view.  Unfortunately, even had any German residents felt an ounce of sympathy, they too would have been sent to a camp or shot on the spot.  I don’t think we realize just how bad things were which is why it is important to visit the many camps still littered around Europe. And Dachau was the prototype for the other camps that followed.


On the day I visited, the snow fall was heavy, there was next to nobody there and that only led to a heightened sense of despair as I wandered through the cold buildings that once held thousands of prisoners.  There were interrogation rooms that still have remnants from the past in place.  Utterly frightening on so many levels.  Heinrich Himmler was the how do you say it?  Architect behind the camp.  It was designed to hold around 13,000 yet, when liberated by the American’s on May 1 1945, there were no less than 30,000 people held captive inside.  More than double its capacity.  Naturally, you can only imagine that there were little to no creature comforts for those enclosed.  Some of the rooms also include the original beds which would have to sleep up to three people at any time.  Singles beds mind.  The German guards would also take astute pleasure in midnight raids where they would wake up prisoners, strip them naked before taking them out into the cold winters snow and frost where they would have to dance like monkeys or fear being shot.  Often, once the guards had their fun, they would shoot the prisoners regardless for shits and giggles.  Hard to imagine how any human being could be so cruel?


On the outer walls of the camp, you come to learn just how hard it would have been to escape.  Many of the buildings were destroyed after the war though there is still remnants of the fencing that surrounded the area.  Once outside the fence, you would have around 200 meters to run before the thick and dense forest.  The only problem being, potential escapees were picked off by German guards in the gun tarots that lined the outer walls of the camp essentially, giving you no chance to escape the clutches of the Nazi’s.  Thinking about these prospects, or lack of as I strolled around in the fading light, I guess it made me thankful for the life I lead.  Actually, the life most of us are fortunate enough to enjoy.


At the end of the camps life, it is believed that over 23,000 people died during its operational period between 1933 and 1945.  All the Nazi camps are worth visiting for a multitude of reasons.  They should never be allowed to be forgotten because they are such an important part of our history and also our future.   Whilst you may think visiting these camps is a little morbid, it’s a reminder of what life was like and why we should never be supporting wars of any kind.

31 Albums in 31 Days (part two)

So the story continues.  Last week, I rounded up the first four albums of the month that I am listening to for the first time.  Today, it’s time to take a look at the next five, bringing the total to nine albums that I have never heard before.  I’ve got to say, this is one of the best things I have ever done.  And why not do it during my birthday month ey?  So here are the next handful of wonderful albums.

Kendrick Lamar – Damn

RELEASED: April 14 2017



I was watching a video clip show not too long ago and Kendrick Lamar pops up with his “Humble” video.  It was a pretty catchy song and rather interesting clip to boot.  I mean, how can you not resist a rapper hitting gold balls off the top of a car in the middle of nowhere right?  Off the back of this video, I decided to give his fourth and most recent number one selling album a crack and my word, what an impressive slice of work it is!

Lamar strikes me as a man who likes to create original ideas and concepts which is something too many artists today seem non-plussed about which is a great shame.  So, in step Lamar and off we go on a wild adventure that keeps the listener interested from beginning to the very end.  Off the back of this exceptional listening experience, I’m now keen to let my ears discover his previous three long play releases.  Cracking stuff so far Kendrick, cracking stuff old chap!

Rosemary Clooney & Duke Ellington – Blue Rose

RELEASED: May 21 1956



We’ve moved on so far that often, we forget just how exhilarating the 1950’s was jazz music.  One of the many chief protagonists of this era was Duke Ellington and in early 1956, he teamed up with his orchestra and Rosemary Clooney to record a sublime collection of songs that made the final cut as “Blue Rose”.  The album was one of the first ever records to use overdubbing as a key component of the recording process which is now a normal part of the process for today’s albums.  Recorded in Janaurary at Columbia’s 30th Street Studio, “Blue Rose” has become synonymous with the period for both Ellington and Clooney.  It’s the kind of record you can put on during a lazy Sunday morning and appreciate all the beauty that is encompassed within.

Kate Miller-Heidke – Nightflight

RELEASED: 12 April 2012



Going back a while now, maybe 2011, I saw Kate Miller-Heidke perform at a local venue and, as the show unfolded, almost every single audience member jumped into the palm of her hand.  It was a truly majestically performance where each song had a prologue and her voice hit notes I had previously thought unimaginable for a pop star.  Then again, Miller_Heidke comes from a classical training background and also honed her skills as a soprano during her formative years.  The album itself is a work of astute beauty.  I guess you could label it pop music for intelligent people.  Is that too harsh on generic pop music fans?  Well, onwards and upwards which is exactly what Kate achieves in large doses with “Nightflight”.  How I missed this album the first time around is well and truly beyond me.

Neil Young – Storytone

RELEASED: 4 November 2014



Neil Young is still a gifted and progressive musician.  If I am being honest here, I wasn’t expecting a great deal from this album.  When released in late 2014, the critics kind of brushed over it which led me to think twice about buying a copy myself.  Looking back, I think I would have probably not enjoyed it as much then as I did on Sunday night when I heard it for the very first time.  My mind wasn’t perhaps in the right frame back then thought now, I hear so much more depth in music which fits perfectly with this record.

Following the release of “Storytone” and his subsequent marriage break down and burgeoning romance with his new partner, Daryl Hannah, Young stated: “These songs were written during a period of profound change in my life. Everything I want to share is there.”   Having been through a marriage breakdown myself, l felt a sense of deep reflection on where life has led me listening to this beautiful album

Hefner – The Fidelity Wars




The second album from British band, Hefner has long been on my “to listen to” list.  We all have one of those right?  Well, after 18 years, I finally got around to listening to this quirky little release.  Not only that, I listened to the 2008 re-issue that included the original LP along with b-sides, demo and rehearsal material.  With 40 tracks, this was a long and joyous treat to my tender ears.

You see, Hefner are one of those bands everyone should listen to but almost nobody does.  Even the British radio stations brushed them back in the day and the music press slated them for the best part.  They are the band that I have enjoyed thoroughly from day dot so if I like them then chances are you will too because we all know I have impeccable taste in music right?  Jokes!  Anyway, I won’t wax lyrical about this one too much but to highly recommend you hook up with Hefner on Spotify and enjoy what too many people have been missing for a very long time.


Same Old Thing, In Brand New Drag…..

July 12 2017 can be listed as yet another date of disappointment for David Bowie fans around the world.  The third box set in a series of re-issues (yes, again) will hit stores at the end of September and once more, as with the previous two offerings from the Bowie estate, there is nothing new or exciting to look forward to aside from a pretty looking box and a book with liner notes from Tony Visconti.


As expected, Bowie fans went into meltdown on social media when news of “A New Career In A New Town: 1977-1982” broke. The key selling points aside from the pretty packaging seem to be a new remix of “Lodger” from 1979 and “Stage”, a live album originally butchered, sorry, released in 1978 that needed a further 27 years before it was rectified and even then they still left important tracks off it.  “A New Career In A New Town: 1977-1982” captures the original 1978 butchered release on yellow vinyl and the almost rectified 2005 re-issue on black vinyl that now includes “Suffragette City” and “The Jean Genie”.  To be honest, i’m surprised Bowie’s estate didn’t release an alternative box with “Stage” on blue vinyl (depicted below) just to take the piss a little more knowing fans would probably buy two box sets to compensate the completest desires within.  Yes, some Bowie fans really are that gullible.  After all, in 1978 the album came out on both blue and yellow vinyl in Holland.  I’m now trying to be too much of a downer on there releases but I need to ask why?  Why are we getting the same material thrown at us time and again instead of being allowed into the world of the unknown, IE: the monumental catalogue of unreleased and rare material that still collects dust in the “vault”.


One of the key selling points for these box sets has been the Recall extras that claim to include all known single edits, b-sides and other such anomalies.  With the original “Five Years” box set, they forgot to include “The Superman” which originally came out on the Glastonbury Fayre LP released in 1972.  This time, they have missed the boat again by leaving out the adorable “Revolutionary Song” that was released in Japan and also appeared on the “Just A Gigolo” OST.


Frustratingly, we all know there is a plethora of material that remains unreleased.  And of course, there are the splendid Rykodisc extras which continue to be criminally ignored.  Only fools would dare to think the vaults have been exhausted.  April’s belated release of “Cracked Actor” was a small step in the right direction thought the ball was dropped big time with the omission of Dana Gillespie’s tracks on the beautifully packaged “BOWPROMO”.  Let’s also look at the recent release of “Art Decade”, an uncovered gem from the Perth show in 1978 as a fine example.  Who would have guessed that a respectable copy of this concert existed six months ago?  This points the finger squarely at the potential for so much more enjoyment for fans.

Sadly though, Parlaphone will continue to dress up the old material in fancy boxes and colored vinyl because, like Elvis fans following the King’s death in 1977, Bowie fans will keep buying these box sets, anniversary picture discs and endless supplies of albums we already own many times over on colored vinyl pressings because it’s what collectors do and Bowie’s estate knows this and will milk it to the hilt.  Let’s be brutally honest here, Bowie’s fan base is aging.  The younger fans predominantly listen to Bowie on Spotify so these re-issues are hardly going to appease them are they?  So where does that leave his older fans?

I didn’t buy the last box set and chances are, I won’t be spending my hard earned on this new rehash of material most of us already own.  It’s just the same old thing, in brand new drag after all and hardly a visionary release like the contents creator once was.

25 Years of Collecting Bowie: A Slice of The Pie

If you cast your mind back to 2004, February 17th to be exact, David Bowie played in Brisbane for the 5th and very last time.  In total, he would perform no less than 36 concerts over four separate tours in Australia between 1978 and 2004.  In the August of 2002, I’d been in the audience at The Jay Leno Show when Bowie and myself enjoyed a joke and short conversation during a break for adverts about coming to Australia.  He joked that he would pop over to mine for a BBQ and wear his Mambo shorts that he bought in Sydney whilst recording with Tin Machine many years before.


Being a self promoting DJ at the time, I approached a venue in Brisbane’s Fortitude Valley to host an after show party for Bowie gig on February 17th.   I didn’t really do much DJ’ing that night.  Essentially, I’d put together a batch of CD’s with Bowie tracks so we could all bask in the afterglow of the concert to the pulsing tunes of our idol.  The night turned out better than expected.  You see, the Brisbane Entertainment Center is a solid 30 minute train from the city so I was fearful that after the concert, most people would just go home and not be bothered about coming into town.  How wrong was I?


Some 300 people came through the doors that night and it seemed everyone had a blast!  The atmosphere was sublime as we drank our way through to the early hours of the morning.  Not long before closing, two people came up to me to ask how the night went.  We chatted for a while before one of them reached into her bag and pulled out a funny looking book to hand me.  I was a bit miffed at first though it turned out to be a copy of Bowie’s pacific rim guide book.  A day by day detailed account of the cities, accommodation, flight details and so forth that the band and crew would undertake.  I held it in my band and tried to let the reality sink in of what I had just been handed.  There was one proviso mind.  I had to give my word that I wouldn’t divulge any of the details within relating to flight details or where the band was staying.  With this knowledge, I gave my word and kept it.


I was too scared to show the book to anyone so it stayed in my satchel for the remainder of the night and most of the next day.  During the afternoon of the following day, I pulled out my little treasure and explored the finer details within.  It had everything I needed to know about the remainder of the tour.  If I wanted to, I could have told my friends exactly where the band and crew were staying in other cities, what times they would be heading to the airport in each city along with the recommended restaurants and cafes that you might find them in.  As tempting as that was, I knew I had to keep my promise.  As you know, had I told one or two people under oath, they probably would have let details slip to another who would have divulged details to another and another and so on.


The funny thing was, I kept the book well hidden for the remainder of the tour and didn’t look at again until a year later.  From there, it remained a regular fixture that I would pull out to sift over every few months or so to reignite memories of 2004 and even, to a lesser extent, the shows that I had seen in Europe during the end of 2003.  To be honest, that eighteen month period in my life from August 2002 through to February 2004 of seeing Bowie concerts in America, Europe and Australia is a bit of a blur these days but the finer details of particular experiences seem as fresh today as they did at the time.  Sometimes, I wish I had been more attentive and seen shows on the 1995, 1997 and 1999 tours or gone to see the New York Bowie.Net shows in 2000 or 2002 for example.  You live and you learn I guess.


Every now and then, I get asked by younger Bowie fans what it was like to see him live on stage.  You can’t really answer it aside from describing it as a surreal experience.  I’ve since followed tours by Morrissey and Suede with Paul McCartney’s Australian shows later this year also looking very tempting but nothing will ever top following a Bowie tour.  Nothing!  Most of all, it’s people like those two randoms from Bowie’s crew in 2004 who give you lasting memories that will never be forgotten.  I do wonder if they went back and told Bowie the day after that the Brisbane after show party was a cracking one.  You never know?

Reaching Your Goals Isn’t A Problem

I was asked the other day by a co-worker if it annoyed me that I don’t always reach my goals that I set out.  After all, the point of setting a goal is to achieve it right?  Well, not always, in fact, not reaching your goals can be the best thing to happen to you.  And here’s why.

As previously mentioned, i’m making July my birthday month.  a thirty-one day celebration for my impending 40th birthday.  Over the top?  Perhaps?  Excessive?  Most definitely!  But hey, you have one shot at life so why not enjoy as much of it as you can.  After all, we spend a third of our life sleeping, another third working and the remaining third should always be spent doing what you love.  It’s been my mantra for a long time now.   So, this goal setting lark?  Well, one of my many goals this month was to read four books.  That’s one per week.  Simple yes?  Mind, with work, refereeing, running, walking, seeing movies, having weekends away and all the rest of it, time has been very short and I am looking like falling short in my target of four books for the month.  But here’s why it isn’t such a bad thing.

image1 (31)

Lately, I’ve let my regular reading time fall by the way side.  With a target to read four books in four weeks, I’m making a concerted effort to read more which can only be a good thing.  The two books I have on the go at the moment are “Good Night and Good Riddance: How 35 Years of John Peel Helped Shape Modern Life” by esteemed journalist, Dave Cavanagh and “Watching The Match: The Inside Story of Football on Television” by Brian Barwick.  The former is a 600 plus page epic peek through the looking glass at how BBC Radio 1 presenter, John Peel, shaped our lives through music.  Cavanagh goes into microscopic detail with a number of the Peel sessions that helped to launch the careers of many including Siousxsie & The Banshees, The Smiths, Joy Division and even Bowie to an extent.  Peel pushed the boundaries of radio and was always outside the square.  If listeners complained about him playing too much ska music, you can rest assured he would play even more in the coming weeks.  Peel educated listeners by pure brut force.  He forced us to step outside the comfort zone and we appreciated him for it.  “Good Night and Good Riddance” is a fascinating insight so far from the 70 pages I have chalked up.

Brian Barwick’s look into the history of football on television takes on an interesting angle and is more appealing in the sense of a quick read because it only stretches to a tiny 225 pages.  An easy read if you could call it that.  With “Watching The Match” we are taken on a journey from football’s first forays into the world of television and from there, the whole spectrum of how television essentially revolutionized the world game.  We learn of the pressure on the BBC and ITV to bring the 1966 World Cup to viewers in England and the rest of the world and Barwick delves into just how significant the impact of “Match of The Day” has been on British culture.  I should finish this number by the end of the week.


Sometimes goal setting can be a good way to get you onto the habit or rhythm of doing more of the good things in life.  You must remember not to be disappointed by not reaching your goal.  You should instead, embrace the challenge and see how far it takes you.  A lot of self help sites will try and convince you that you have not succeeded if you don’t reach your desired goals.  They couldn’t be further from the mark in that assumption.  As long as you are enjoying the challenge of your goal then that is all you need.  Our society has too much focus on success and failure and how those two are defined.  Again, that is way off the mark.  There are no grand prizes lying in wait for me when I read more books.  Just the self satisfaction that I am enjoying reading more and more.

So there you have it.  Whilst not reaching that initial goal, i’m still focused on reading and that my friends, has to be a jolly good thing wouldn’t you say.  Now, where are my trainers?  It’s time for a jog!


Toying Around With An Icon

You can often find secrets as to the direction of an artist’s next album within their current release.  In October 1999, Bowie released the much undervalued and often overlooked “Hours…..” LP.  In one particular review at the time of release, inspired British journalist, Steve Pafford gave the album a right and proper slating.  I was furious with the man when I first read the review.  Deep down, I still remain a tad disjointed over his comments relating to the album.  I still love him regardless.  The album itself was a reflective look back over the life of a then 52 year old Bowie.  During the small tour that was scheduled to promote “Hours….”, Bowie pulled out a long lost treasure (????) from his archive in the aptly named, “Can’t Help Thinking About Me” to perform on the mini tour.  If you ever needed a hint as to his next musical direction, it was right there in that song, slapping you in the face.  At the time of the “Hours….” mini tour, his wife, Iman was also knocked up with their first child, Lexi.


Fast forward to July 2000.  Hot on the heels of an impressive performance at Glastonbury, some New York fan shows and a wonderful session at the BBC, we find Bowie in the studio laying his recent reflections down in an honest and reflective album covering songs from his past.  We’re not just talking about his recent past here.  For these reflections, we have to head back to the mid 60’s.  Bowie booked time in Sear Sound Studios as well as Looking Glass Studios in New York City to begin sessions on what was to become “Toy”, his soon to be shelved album.  By August, and with the birth of his daughter, Bowie took some time off be a father.  It would not be until January 2001 before he headed back to the studio to complete the Toy session.  By this stage, we had only had a small studio sample of “Afraid” via Bowie.Net during November of 2000.  Little did we know, he was recording a lot of songs!  And joining him in the sessions were a grand cast that included no less than eleven other including producer, Tony Visconti.  The full cast was as follows.  Mark Plati, Earl Slick, Gail Ann Dorsey, Mike Garson, Sterling Campbell, Lisa Germano, Gerry Leonard, Courig Vu,Holly Palmer, Emm Gryner and Visconti perched behind the desk.


On the plus side, in September 2000, we saw a long awaited release of the Bowie at the Beeb sessions.  Early editions came with a bonus CD of the concert performed on June 27 in London’s BBC studios.  Bowie at the Beeb was a strong performer, peaking at number 7 on the U.K charts.


During the month of February 2001, Bowie appeared at The Tibet House Benefit concert to perform “Silly Boy Blue”. first released on his 1967 debut LP, David Bowie which came out on the Deram label and bombed without a trace.  At this stage, “Toy” was expected around March yet EMI decided that their scheduling line up meant the release would be put back to July and then, by October, EMI decided they wanted an album of new material.  Obviously the executives wanted a more commercially driven release instead of a hotch potch of reflective clangers from a middle aged muso they thought was past his best.  How wrong were they?  The project that appeared to be one of those never to see the light of day albums was now doomed however, Bowie had other ideas and, with the release of “Heathen” in June 2002 came an opportunity to let some of the “Toy” gems out of the bag.  “Afriad” and “Uncle Floyd” made the “Heathen” album proper with the latter now referred to as “Slip Away”.  A small selection also found their way onto various B-Side releases before “Your Turn To Drive” and “Let Me Sleep Beside You” were included on the tasteful “Nothing Has Changed” compilation of 2014.

After the release of “Heathen”, we were left to ponder what might have been with the now obsolete “Toy” album.  A few years later however, 2008 to be exact, I would be enlightened by the whereabouts of those songs from the “Toy” sessions in the form of a surprising coincidence.


Talking to a friend who had their own band in the USA one evening, the conversation took a turn out of the blue when I was told about the content on Mark Plati’s laptop.  Plati was producing my friends band at the time and decided to give them a listen to some songs from the “Toy” sessions.  He played a number of songs to the group and from their recollections, a selection of demo recordings was offered as well as finished studio numbers.  Around eight tracks were played in all.  The surprise for me was that a demo of “The Laughing Gnome” was aired on top of “Uncle Floyd” and “The London Boys”.  I distinctly remember thinking at the time how disappointing it was not to have these songs out in the market place as official material.  The demo of “The Laughing Gnome” took me by surprise as I knew Bowie had a distinct dislike for the song but from the information collected via my American friend, it was done more or less as a tongue in cheek effort that was destined to never make it past the demo stage.  All in all, some 25 songs were either demoed or recorded with full arrangements during the “Toy” sessions and we’ve since seen almost all of those released through official and not so official means.


Of course, by now we know that an alternative version of “Toy” appeared out of the blue in 2011.  With no new album since 2003, this was a revelation for fans as we threw ourselves head long into the theories as to how this album of sorts made its way out into the general population?  I’d been told during a visit to Europe sometime around the middle of 2010 that “Toy” was in the hands of a few collectors but I honestly didn’t think much of it as I didn’t know the full scale of exactly what was on it or how legitimate my sources were.  The question that sat perched in the front of my thoughts was how on earth did it get out?  And who let it out?  The early word was that it came via Mark Plati’s laptop being stolen.  My initial objection to this was if that was indeed the case, why had such a small selection of songs made it out and why were there no demos or alternative versions as discussed many times by fans over the years.  Don’t get me wrong, I was well chuffed to have the songs on my hi fi at long last but i’m the kind of guy who likes to ponder the finer details.  And ponder I did.


Early in the peace, a theory was subscribed to on some forums that Bowie himself had allowed the album out.  It wouldn’t surprise me because we all know how tight the man was with his material following the end of his RCA contract in 1981.  The other question to think about was exactly what else was locked away in those vaults from these sessions?  Here’s a list of the known recordings with the exception of “Miss America High”, a song we know Gail Ann Dorsey spoke of as being her favorite from the “Toy” sessions.  “Pictures of Lily”, also recorded during these sessions ended up finding its way onto a tribute album to The Who.

London Boys

Liza Jane

I Dig Everything

Can’t Help Thinking About Me

You’ve Got A Habit Of Leaving

Baby Loves That Way

Conversation Piece 

Let Me Sleep Beside You

Silly Boy Blue

In The Heat Of The Morning

Karma Man

Secret 1 (which became Shadow Man)


Uncle Floyd

Hole In The Ground

Wood Jackson

Toy (which became Your Turn To Drive)

All up, we have 19 songs which leaves a half dozen or so unaccounted for.  And we may never know which songs they indeed were.  Perhaps somewhere in the world, there are a small pocket of collectors who sit on these unreleased tracks?  We’ve seen it before where unreleased material has been passed around a select few, some of which has finally seen the light of day like the 1. Outside material.  God only knows whatever else lies in wait but it will indeed be a fine guessing game until that day arrives when it all sees the light of day.